Sustainable Consumption Glossary

Sustainable consumption is about making choices that consider the well-being of our planet and its people. By understanding these key terms, we can make informed decisions that contribute to a greener, more sustainable world. As conscious consumers, we can collectively have a massive positive impact towards a more sustainable world.

Sustainable Consumption:

Sustainable consumption means using and buying things in a way that helps the environment and keeps resources safe for the future. It’s about making conscious choices that consider the social, economic, and environmental impacts of our consumption patterns.

Circular Products:

Circular products are designed to minimize waste and maximize resource efficiency. They are created to be reused, repaired, or recycled at the end of their life, rather than being disposed of as waste. Circular products help reduce the depletion of resources and promote an economy where waste materials are re-injected into new products.

Carbon Footprint:

Your carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide (CO2), and other harmful emissions produced from your daily activities. This includes energy usage, transportation, and the consumption of goods and services. Reducing our carbon footprint directly helps combat climate change and limit the release of harmful gases into the atmosphere.

Upcycling vs Recycling:

Upcycling is the process of transforming waste materials or products into new products of higher value or quality. It involves creatively repurposing or reimagining things that would otherwise be discarded. Recycling, on the other hand, involves breaking down materials into their raw form to create new products. Both upcycling and recycling contribute to waste reduction and resource conservation.


Biodegradable means that something can break down naturally and turn into natural elements with the help of tiny living microorganisms. Biodegradable products are made to lessen the amount of trash that piles up and to keep the environment safe. But it's important to know that not all biodegradable things are automatically good for the environment because some need specific conditions to break down properly.


Organic farming avoids the use of synthetic chemicals, pesticides, and genetically modified organisms (GMOs). It focuses on environmentally friendly practices that promote soil health, biodiversity, and the well-being of animals. Choosing organic products supports sustainable agriculture and protects ecosystems.

Bio-based / Bio-sourced:

Bio-based or bio-sourced refers to products or materials that are derived from renewable biological resources, such as plants, crops, or biomass. These resources can be replenished over time, reducing reliance on non-renewable resources like fossil fuels. Bio-based products offer an alternative to conventional materials and contribute to a more sustainable and resource-efficient economy.